Skip to Main Content

International Relations (Political Science)

What are Bibliographic Managers?

Bibliographic management tools,also known as citation tools, help you to keep track of books, articles and other sources that you are using for your research. And once you're putting your paper together, these tools can help you quickly and easily format your citations in any number of widely-recognized formats.

Through Hunter College, you have access to two separate but similar tools to organize your citations while conducting research: EndNote and RefWorks.  Both serve as centralized locations to store and maintain all your citations from books, journal articles, etc.  You can import citations directly from databases as well as library catalogs such as CUNY+.  Each tool also allows for simple conversion of citations into various styles such as APA, MLA, and Chicago. Keep in mint that, since no software is perfect, you should always proofread your citations for errors after formatting.  You can learn more about RefWorks and EndNote through their respective tutorials - find the links to the tutorials by clicking on the name of each utility.

Both RefWorks and EndNote now have web-based options for accounts, which means that whichever one you choose, you can access it from any computer with an internet connection. 

Citation Tools

Citation Tools - Too many citations to easily keep track? Try one of the four citation manager tools Hunter offers and supports:

Which Citation Tool is Right for Me? - Not sure which tool will be most useful? Check out this research guide for more information on each one's strengths and weaknesses.

Exporting Citations

Each databse allows you to export your citations to a selection of bibliographic management tools, or to save them in a document format that is easily imported into one or more of these tools.  Simply select the "export" link or icon in the database you are searching for the options available.
By exporting your citations into one of these tools, you are again saving yourself time down the road of having to manually type in all the bibliographic information for all your Works Cited or Bibliography citations.
Please consult the excellent tutorials and help menus for each tool for more in-depth information.


  • RefWorks is a web-based program that allows you to create your own personal database of references.
  • Users can import references from a search performed in an online database automatically, or enter references manually.  
  • RefWorks also interfaces directly with Word, making it easy to import citations and incorporate them into your writing as properly formatted footnotes or in-text citations according to the writing style of your choice (MLA, APA, and hundreds others).

RefWorks works best using the Internet Explorer Web browser.

Click here for RefWorks


  • Endnote is an online search tool that provides a way to search online bibliographic databases and retrieve the references directly into EndNote.
  • EndNote is a reference database storing, managing, and searching for bibliographic references in your private reference library. You can organize images-including charts, tables, figures, and equations, and assign each image its own caption and keywords.
  • EndNote is a bibliography and manuscript maker, formatting citations, figures, and tables in MS Word.

Click here for EndNote